Household food security during Covid-19 pandemic in Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Main Article Content

Nurwulan Purnasari
Titisari Juwitangtyas
Iman Sabarisman


Household food security in Indonesia depends on many factors. This study aims to describe household food security during the Covid-19 pandemic in Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY). This research was conducted using a questionnaire for taking data. This study showed that there was a difference in household food security between the pre-pandemic of Covid-19 and during the pandemic of Covid-19. The hunger scale di DIY at the pre-pandemic of Covid-19 was 6% and increased during the pandemic of Covid-19 to 11%. It is showed that the financial crisis because of Covid-19 also influenced at increasing household food insecurity. As far as future research is concerned, the impact of food insecurity in vulnerable groups within the studied communities needs to be determined.

Article Details

How to Cite
Purnasari, N., Juwitangtyas, T., & Sabarisman, I. (2020). Household food security during Covid-19 pandemic in Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Sustinere: Journal of Environment and Sustainability, 4(2), 132–143.
Author Biographies

Titisari Juwitangtyas, Ahmad Dahlan University

Food Technology Department

Iman Sabarisman, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Bioresources Technology and Veterinary Vocational College


Abdullah, Zhou, D., Shah, T., Ali, S., Ahmad, W., Din, I. U., & Ilyas, A. (2019). Factors affecting household food security in rural northern hinterland of Pakistan. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences, 18(2), 201–210.

Adelayanti, N. (2020). Covid-19 Pandemic Emerges Complexity of Food Problems.

Asghar, Z., & Muhammad, A. (2013). Socio-economic Determinants of Household Food Insecurity in Pakistan. Munich Personal RePEc Archive, (10679), 22.

Asmanto, P., & Adji, A. (2020). Ketahanan Pangan di Tengah Pandemi Covid-19. TNP2K.

BAPPEDA. (2020). BAPPEDA Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta.

Bappeda DIY. (2018). List Data Dasar | Aplikasi Dataku. Dataku.

Bouis, H. E., Eozenou, P., & Rahman, A. (2011). Food prices, household income, and resource allocation: Socioeconomic perspectives on their effects on dietary quality and nutritional status. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 32(1 SUPPL.).

BPS Provinsi DIY. (2019). BPS Provinsi DIY.

Bulog. (2018). Perum BULOG - Pengertian Ketahanan Pangan. Www.Bulog.Co.Id.

Burchi, F., & De Muro, P. (2016). From food availability to nutritional capabilities: Advancing food security analysis. Food Policy, 60, 10–19.

Coibion, O., Gorodnichenko, Y., & Weber, M. (2020). The Cost of the Covid-19 Crisis: Lockdowns, Macroeconomic Expectations, and Consumer Spending. Cambridge, MA.

Coleman-Jensen, A., Gregory, C., & Singh, A. (2014). Economic Research Service Economic Research Report Number 173 Household Food Security in the United States in 2013, (September).

Cullen, M. T. (2020). COVID-19 and the risk to food supply chains: how to respond? FAO, (March), 1–7.

Damayanti, L. (2007). Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Tingkat Ketahanan Pangan Desa. Agroland, 14(September), 217–222.

De Cock, N., D’Haese, M., Vink, N., van Rooyen, C. J., Staelens, L., Schönfeldt, H. C., & D’Haese, L. (2013). Food security in rural areas of Limpopo province, South Africa. Food Security, 5(2), 269–282.

Evans, D., & Over, M. (2020). The Economic Impact of COVID-19 in Low- and Middle-Income Countries | Center For Global Development. Center for Global Development.

FAO. (2008). An introduction to the basic concepts of food security. The EC - FAO Food Security Programme, pp. 215–230.

FAO. (2020). Global Report on Food Crises. FAO, 1–202.

Fernandes, N. (2020). Economic Effects of Coronavirus Outbreak (COVID-19) on the World Economy. SSRN Electronic Journal.

Firdaus, N., & Cahyono, B. D. (2017). How food consumption pattern and dietary diversity influence food security: Evidence from DI Yogyakarta and East Nusa Tenggara. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, 25(1), 27.

Frongillo, E. A., & Bernal, J. (2014). Understanding the Coexistence of Food Insecurity and Obesity.

Ghattas, H., Barbour, J. M., Nord, M., Zurayk, R., & Sahyoun, N. R. (2013). Household Food Security Is Associated with Agricultural Livelihoods and Diet Quality in a Marginalized Community of Rural Bedouins in Lebanon. The Journal of Nutrition, 143(10), 1666–1671.

Government of Indonesia. Law 18 of 2012 on Food (2012).

He, M., Xian, Y., Lv, X., He, J., & Ren, Y. (2020). Changes in body weight, physical activity and lifestyle during the semi-lockdown period after the outbreak of COVID-19 in China: An online survey. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 1–6.

IFAD. (2013). International fund for agricultural development. Rural Poverty Report. Rome (Italy):

Jones, A. D., Shrinivas, A., & Bezner-Kerr, R. (2014). Farm production diversity is associated with greater household dietary diversity in Malawi: Findings from nationally representative data. Food Policy, 46, 1–12.

Kemenkes RI. (2020). Info COVID-19 Kementerian Kesehatan RI,” Info Infeksi Emerging Kementerian Kesehatan RI.
Loopstra, R., & Tarasuk, V. (2013). Severity of Household Food Insecurity Is Sensitive to Change in Household Income and Employment Status among Low-Income Families. The Journal of Nutrition, 143(8), 1316–1323.

MacGregor, R. G., & Abrams, L. (1996). Sustainable household egg production to enhance household food security. South African Journal of Animal Sciences, 26(3–4), 85–87.

Nicola, M., Alsafi, Z., Sohrabi, C., Kerwan, A., Al-Jabir, A., Iosifidis, C., Agha, M. & Agha, R. (2020, June). The socio-economic implications of the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19): A review. International Journal of Surgery. Elsevier Ltd.

Nurwitasari, R., Arityaning Palupi, A., & Indah Astuti, R. (2019). Laporan Perekonomian Provinsi DI Yogyakarta.

Prasetyo, T. J., Hardinsyah, H., & Sinaga, T. (2014). Konsumsi pangan dan gizi serta skor Pola Pangan Harapan (PPH) pada anak usia 2—6 tahun di Indonesia. Jurnal Gizi Dan Pangan, 8(3), 159.

Prastiwi, S. K., & Rabia. (2019). The determinant of sustainable consumption behaviour of Moslem woman in Sukoharjo. Sustinere: Journal of Environment and Sustainability, 3(1), 24–38.

Ramos, F. D., & Squeff, T. C. (2020). The Importance of Labelling Food Items: Information, Food Security and Sustainable Consumption. In Sustainable Consumption (pp. 229–247). Springer International Publishing.

Rohman, A., & Maharani, A. D. (2018). Proyeksi kebutuhan konsumsi pangan beras di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 32(1), 29.

Saediman, H., Aisa, S., Zani, M., Limi, M. A., & Yusria, W. O. (2019). Food security status of households in a cassava-growing village in southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 23(1), 199–209.

Saliem, H. P., & Ariani, M. (2016). Ketahanan Pangan, Konsep, Pengukuran dan Strategi. Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi, 20(1), 12.

Silpa, H. (2020). Dampak Covid – 19 terhadap perekonomian Indonesia. EduPsyCouns Journal, 2(1), 146–153.

Sleet, P. (2020). The State of Indonesian Food Security and Nutrition.

Sriring, O., & Staporncharnchai, S. (2020). Thailand job losses may hit 10 million if virus outbreak drags on. Reuters Business News.

Thorne-Lyman, A. L., Valpiani, N., Sun, K., Semba, R. D., Klotz, C. L., Kraemer, K., Akhter, N., De Pee, S., Moench-Pfanner, R., Sari, M. & Bloem, M. W. (2010). Household dietary diversity and food expenditures are closely linked in rural Bangladesh, Increasing the risk of malnutrition due to the financial crisis. The Journal of Nutrition, 140(1), 182S–188S.

Walsh, C. M., & van Rooyen, F. C. (2015). Household Food Security and Hunger in Rural and Urban Communities in the Free State Province, South Africa. Ecology of Food and Nutrition, 54(2), 118–137.

WHO. (2011). The classical definition of a pandemic is not elusive. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 89(7), 540–541.

Widyanti, A., Sunaryo, I., & Kumalasari, A. D. (2014). Reducing the dependency on rice as staple food in Indonesia-a behavior intervention approach. J. ISSAAS (Vol. 20).