Disaster risk reduction of Mount Kelud eruption based on capacity building: A case study in Kasembon District, Malang Regency

Main Article Content

Dwi Rahmawati Turniningtyas Ayu Rachmawati Gunawan Prayitno

Abstract

The ability to respond and recover from disasters is highly dependent on the community’s capacity. This study assessed the community’s capacity level in Kasembon District, an area that was impacted by the Mount Kelud eruption in 2014. Capacity level assessment is done by identifying pentagon asset components, covering human capital, social capital, financial capital, natural capital and physical capital. Bayem is a village with the medium capacity in spite of the low ownership of natural capital, financial capital and physical capital as it has been supported by the active participation of the community within the village organization. Pondok Agung, Kasembon, Sukosari and Pait are four villages which are almost the same with Bayem, but the involvement of the community is not as active as in Bayem. Based on the results of the research, villages that are socially active, tend to have a higher capacity.

Article Details

Section
Articles

References

Anderson, M.B. & Woodrow, P.J. 1990. Disaster and Development Workshop: a Manual for Training in Capacities and Vulnerabilities Analysis. Havard University Graduate School of Education: International Relief/Development Project.

Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah (BPBD) Kabupaten Malang. 2016. Dampak Erupsi Gunung Kelud.
Center of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation. 2014. Volcanic Hazard Map of Kelud Volcano, East Java Province.

Chen, Yong., Tan, Yan & Luo, Young. 2017. Post-disaster resettlement and livelihood vulnerability in rural China. Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal. 26(1): 65-78

Ellis, F., 2000. Rural Livelihoods and Diversity in Developing Countries. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 135-176.
Food and Agriculture Organization and International Labour Organization. 2009. The Livelihood Assessment Tool-kit. FAO & ILO.

Holling, C. S. (1996). Engineering resilience versus ecological resilience. In P. C. Schulze (Ed.), Engineering Within Ecological Constraints (pp. 31–44.). Washington DC: National Academy Press, Washington DC, pp. 31–44.

Jumadi., Carver, Steve & Quincey, Duncan. 2015. SAFEVolcano: Spatial Information Framework for Volcanic Eruption Evacuation Site Selection-allocation. ResearchGate. 1-11.

Martin, SM & Lorenzen, Kai. 2016. Livelihood Diversification in Rural Laos. 10 (18): 3-13.

Mayunga, Joseph S. 2007. Understanding and Applying the Concept of Community Disaster Resilience: A Capital-based approach. Social Vulnerability and Resiliency Building. 1:1-16.

Mileti. D.S. 1999. Disaster by design: A reassessment of natural hazards in the United States. Washington DC: Joseph Henry.

Oxfam. 2012. Analisis Kerentanan dan Kapasitas Partisipatif. Oxfam: Jakarta.

Saadat, Muhammad Anowar & Islam, A.K.M. Saiful. 2011. Impact of Climate Change on Rural Livelihood: A Case Study. ICWMF.

Saragih, S., Lassa, J. & Ramli, A. 2007. Sustainable Livelohood Framework.

Sartohadi, Junun & Pratiwi, Elok Surya. Ed. 2014. Pengelolaan Bencana pada Kegunungapian Kelud pada Periode Krisis Erupsi 2014. Yogyakarta:Pustaka Pelajar.

Smith, R., Simard, C. & Sharpe, A. 2001. A Proposed Approach to Environment and Sustainable Development Indicators Based on Capital. The National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy’s Environment and Sustainable Development Indicators Initiative.

Stephen, M., Nora, M., Moses, A., 2009. Sustainable Livelihood Approach: A Critical Analysis of Theory and Practice. Geographical Paper No. 189. University of Reading, UK. PP. 4-23.

Sudibyakto & Anggit Priatmodjo. 2016. Disaster Risk Management In Gunung Padang Cultural Heritage, Ciamis, West Java. Jurnal Riset Kebencanaan Indonesia. II (1), 50-58.

Tobin, G.A. 1999. Sustainability and community resilience: The holy grail of hazards Planning. Environmental Hazard. 1(1), 13-25.

Unit Pelaksana Teknis Balai Penyuluhan Kecamatan Kasembon. 2016. Potensi Wilayah Kecamatan Kasembon dan Dampak Erupsi Gunung Kelud Pada Lahan Pertanian.

Vatsa, Krishna S. 2004. Risk, Vulnerability, and Asset-based Approach to Disaster Risk Management. International Jurnal of Sociology and Social Policy. 24(10), 1-48.