Household and household-related waste generation and characteristics in rural areas: A case study in Tanjungsari Sub-district

Main Article Content

Jussac Maulana Masjhoer
Syafrudin Syafrudin
Maryono Maryono


Waste management issues in rural locations differ from those in metropolitan ones. Unmanaged waste has the potential to harm the rural environment. Understanding the generation and characteristics of household and household-related waste is the starting point for planning waste management. Accurate measurement of waste generation and characteristics helps optimize waste reduction and recycling efforts. Therefore, this study aims to measure the waste generation and characteristics in rural areas using the Indonesia National Standard 19-3964-1994 method. The survey team visited 60 samples of residential and non-residential properties in the Tanjungsari Sub-district for eight consecutive days. Based on the results, the waste generation was 0.34 kg person-1 day-1. Organic waste (food waste, leaves, paper, and wood) accounts for the majority of garbage (81,34%), followed by inorganic materials (plastic, fabric, other materials, metal, and glass) at 15.66%, 1.86%, 0.91%, 0.12%, 0.11% respectively. The residential waste density is 196.1 kg m-3, while in non-residential areas is 63.63 kg m-3. Family size and income, living habits, and the type of economy or industry that develops have influenced the rural waste generation and composition. Rural waste management strategies need to consider organic waste as a raw material in composting or fermentation.

Article Details

How to Cite
Masjhoer, J. M., Syafrudin, S., & Maryono, M. (2023). Household and household-related waste generation and characteristics in rural areas: A case study in Tanjungsari Sub-district. Sustinere: Journal of Environment and Sustainability, 6(3), 174–184.


Anwar, S., Elagroudy, S., Abdel Razik, M., Gaber, A., Bong, C. P. C., & Ho, W. S. (2018). Optimization of solid waste management in rural villages of developing countries. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 20(3), 489–502.

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2020a). Jumlah Desa/Kelurahan Menurut Provinsi, 2019.

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2020b). Statistik lingkungan hidup Indonesia 2020. In BPS-Statistic Indonesia.

Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Gunungkidul. (2020a). Kabupaten Gunungkidul dalam angka “Penyediaan data untuk perencanaan pembangunan†(B. P. S. K. Gunungkidul (ed.)). BPS Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Gunungkidul.

Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Gunungkidul. (2020b). Kecamatan Tanjungsari dalam angka 2020 (B. P. S. K. Gunungkidul (ed.)). BPS Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Gunungkidul.

Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Gunungkidul. (2019). Dokumen masterplan pengelolaan persampahan Kabupaten Gunungkidul 2019-2038.

Badan Standarisasi Nasional. (1994). Metode pengambilan dan pengukuran contoh timbulan dan komposisi sampah perkotaan. In SNI 19-3964-1994. Badan Standarisasi Nasional.

Bilgili, M. S., Adar, E., Yildiz, S., & Sezer, K. (2019). Characterisation of wastes collected from beaches, coastlines, marine surface cleaning processes and ships: A case study of Istanbul. Waste Management and Research, 37(6), 621–630.

Christensen, T. H., & Fruergaard, T. (2010). Commercial and institutional waste. Solid Waste Technology & Management, 1, 97–99.

Ciuta, S., Apostol, T., & Rusu, V. (2015). Urban and rural MSW stream characterization for separate collection improvement. Sustainability (Switzerland), 7(1), 916–931.

Darban Astane, A. R., & Hajilo, M. (2017). Factors affecting the rural domestic waste generation. Global Journal of Environmental Science and Management, 3(4), 417–426.

de Morais Lima, P., & Paulo, P. L. (2018). Solid-waste management in the rural area of BRAZIL: a case study in Quilombola communities. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 20(3), 1583–1593.

Dinas Lingkungan Hidup. (2020). Data volume sampah masuk ke TPA Wukirsari, Baleharjo, Wonosari.

Faradina, D., Maryono, M., & Warsito, B. (2020). The role of waste banks in reducing waste in Gunung Kidul Regency. E3S Web of Conferences, 202(18), 1–8.

Han, Z., Dan, Z., Shi, G., Shen, L., Xu, W., & Xie, Y. (2015). Characteristics and management of domestic waste in a rural area of the Tibetan Plateau. Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association, 65(11), 1365–1375.

Han, Z., Liu, Y., Zhong, M., Shi, G., Li, Q., Zeng, D., Zhang, Y., Fei, Y., & Xie, Y. (2018). Influencing factors of domestic waste characteristics in rural areas of developing countries. Waste Management, 72, 45–54.

Han, Z., Ye, C., Zhang, Y., Dan, Z., Zou, Z., Liu, D., & Shi, G. (2019). Characteristics and management modes of domestic waste in rural areas of developing countries: a case study of China. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 26(9), 8485–8501.

Herianto, H., Maryono, M., & Budihardjo, M. A. (2019). Factors affecting waste generation: Household study in Palangka Raya City, Central Kalimantan. E3S Web of Conferences, 125(201 9), 7–11.

Li, Y., Wang, L. en, Liu, G., & Cheng, S. (2021). Rural household food waste characteristics and driving factors in China. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 164, 105209.

Mandawat, P. (2017). Characterization and quantization of solid waste in Ganga Villages of Haridwar. International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, 3(6), 558–562.

Masjhoer, J. M., Retawimbi, A. Y., & Sari, Y. S. (2020). Participation of local restaurants in solid waste management in South Coast of Gunungkidul Regency, Indonesia. Journal of Community Based Environmental Engineering and Management, 4(1), 1–8.

Nxumalo, S. M., Mabaso, S. D., Mamba, S. F., & Singwane, S. S. (2020). Plastic waste management practices in the rural areas of Eswatini. Social Sciences & Humanities Open, 2(1), 100066.

Oribe-Garcia, I., Kamara-Esteban, O., Martin, C., Macarulla-Arenaza, A. M., & Alonso-Vicario, A. (2015). Identification of influencing municipal characteristics regarding household waste generation and their forecasting ability in Biscay. Waste Management, 39, 26–34.

Patwa, A., Parde, D., Dohare, D., Vijay, R., & Kumar, R. (2020). Solid waste characterization and treatment technologies in rural areas: An Indian and international review. Environmental Technology and Innovation, 20, 101066.

Taghipour, H., Amjad, Z., Aslani, H., Armanfar, F., & Dehghanzadeh, R. (2016). Characterizing and quantifying solid waste of rural communities. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 18(4), 790–797.

Trihadiningrum, Y., Laksono, I. J., Dhokhikah, Y., Moesriati, A., Radita, D. R., & Sunaryo, S. (2017). Community activities in residential solid waste reduction in Tenggilis Mejoyo District, Surabaya City, Indonesia. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 19(1), 526–535.

United Nations Human Settlements Programme. (2010). Solid waste management in the world’s cities – water and sanitation in the world’s cities 2010. In United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT). Earthscan.

Vahidi, H., Nematollahi, H., Padash, A., Sadeghi, B., & RiyaziNejad, M. (2017). Comparison of rural solid waste management in two central provinces of Iran. Environmental Energy and Economic Research, 1, 195–206.

Villalba, L., Donalisio, R. S., Cisneros Basualdo, N. E., & Noriega, R. B. (2020). Household solid waste characterization in Tandil (Argentina): Socioeconomic, institutional, temporal and cultural aspects influencing waste quantity and composition. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 152, 104530.

Zhang, H., Duan, H., Andric, J. M., Song, M., & Yang, B. (2018). Characterization of household food waste and strategies for its reduction: A Shenzhen City case study. Waste Management, 78, 426–433.