Management of premature end-of-life vehicles in developing countries: Lessons from Nairobi City County, Kenya

Main Article Content

Selelah Okoth
Elvin Nyukuri
Richard Mulwa


Premature end-of-life Vehicles (ELVs) are on the rise in Kenya due to an increase in road accidents, as reported by National Transport and Safety Authority. These premature ELVs are poorly managed, frequently found parked in police station yards, garages, and residential estates, posing risks to public health and environment, thus undermining progress toward sustainable development goals. There have been scattered efforts on their management through policies and legislation, such as the Environmental Management and Coordination Act of 1999; the umbrella law on environment,which remains generic and insufficient in effectively addressing premature ELVs. This article presents the findings of a study conducted to assess the existing management mechanisms of premature ELVs in Nairobi City County. The study employed semi-structured questionnaires administered to households (n = 170) and conducted key informant interviews (n = 88) within relevant agencies in the County. The results show that the most common mechanism for handling premature ELVs is their sale to garages for spare parts sourcing (31%), while the least utilized method invloves selling them for recycling (3%). Furthermore, there exists an opportunity to implement circular economy principles in the management of premature ELVs. Consequently, there is a pressing need for government to develop appropriate policies, legal frameworks, and institutional support to effectively manage premature ELVs.

Article Details

How to Cite
Okoth, S., Nyukuri, E., & Mulwa, R. (2023). Management of premature end-of-life vehicles in developing countries: Lessons from Nairobi City County, Kenya. Sustinere: Journal of Environment and Sustainability, 7(3), 176–189.
Author Biographies

Elvin Nyukuri, Centre for Advanced Studies in Environmental Law and Policy, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 30197, Nairobi 00100, Kenya

Dr. Elvin Nyukuri is a Lecturer in Environmental Policy at the Centre for Advanced Studies in Environmental Law and Policy (CASELAP)-University of Nairobi.. Elvin holds a PhD in International Development Policy and Practice from The Open University (UK)-(2013) and an MA in International Studies and Diplomacy- University of Nairobi (2005). She actively engaged in multi-disciplinary research including environmental governance and policy, climate change, and food security at the African Centre for Technology Studies (ACTS) for 10 years.

She currently serves as an advisory council member of the NPX/Global Citizen Impact Funds; A programme committee member of the Leading Integrated Research Agenda for Africa, 2030 by ICSU; Has consulted for UNDP, IIED, ODI, Practical Action, IUCN, World Agro-forestry Centre. Consulted for IDS Sussex, University of Reading, LSE, and University of Life Sciences- Norway. Kenya Commercial Bank. Her research interests include Environmental governance, waste management and Climate resilience/adaptation/financing.

Richard Mulwa, Centre for Advanced Studies in Environmental Law and Policy, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 30197, Nairobi 00100, Kenya

Prof. Richard Mulwa holds a PhD from the Justus-Liebig University, Giessen, Germany and is currently teaching at the Centre for Advanced Studies in Environmental Law and Policy (CASELAP) and School of Economics, University of Nairobi (UoN). He is the current Centre Director and Senior Research Fellow at the Environment for Development-Kenya (EfD-K) based at the School of Economics, UoN; a member of the African Growth and Development Policy (AGRODEP) Modelling Consortium, African Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (EFAERE), European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (EAERE), and the Secretary General of African Society of Ecological Economists (ASEE). Richard Mulwa has vast experience in Efficiency and Productivity Analysis, Environmental and Resource Economics and Policy, Environmental Valuation, Economic Modelling, and Climate Change. He has won many research grants and involved in many research projects in his field, published widely in international peer reviewed journals, and a reviewer of several reputable journals.


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