Advance oxidation processes of Rhodamine B under O3/UV using spent bleaching earth-ZnO composite: Performance in kinetics

Main Article Content

Andriyan Yulikasari
Ervin Nurhayati
Fransiscus Xaverius Fernando Cornelio
Diah Susanti


Spent bleaching earth and ZnO composite (SBE/ZnO) was prepared as the catalyst for the advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) of rhodamine B (RB) under O3/UV.  The photocatalytic ozonation process of RB was conducted at an ozone flow rate of 1 L/min by adjusting the variation of initial RB concentration, catalyst dosage, and reaction time.  The RB removal efficiency of 96.7% was reached within 36 min at optimal operational conditions (initial concentration of 100 mg/L and catalyst dosage of 1.5 g). The kinetical analysis at this condition showed that the photocatalytic ozonation process of RB followed a pseudo-first-order reaction with a rate constant of 0.0975 min-1. Meanwhile, the effect of operational variables was evaluated using response surface methodology (RSM) and resulted in an optimized model for RB Removal following equation:  RB Removal = 84.95 - 6.24A + 5.81B + 22.45C + 3.07AB + 13.14AC - 6.72BC + 0.1174A2 + 7.86B2 - 8.90C2, where A is the initial concentration of RB, B is catalyst dose and C is reaction time, with a high coefficient of determination R2 = 0.9432.

Article Details

How to Cite
Yulikasari, A., Nurhayati, E., Xaverius Fernando Cornelio, F. ., & Susanti, D. (2023). Advance oxidation processes of Rhodamine B under O3/UV using spent bleaching earth-ZnO composite: Performance in kinetics. Sustinere: Journal of Environment and Sustainability, 7(1), 39–47.

Asgari, E., Esrafili, A., Rostami, R., & Farzadkia, M. (2019). O3, O3/UV and O3/UV/ZnO for abatement of parabens in aqueous solutions: Effect of operational parameters and mineralization/biodegradability improvement. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 125, 238–250.

Chunsun, Z., Zhongda, L., Lijuan, F., Yulian, G., Yanpeng, F., & Miao, Y. (2020). Kinetic and Mechanistic Study of Rhodamine B Degradation by H2O2 and Cu/Al2O3/g-C3N4 Composite. Catalysts, 10(317).

Heidari, Z., Alizadeh, R., Ebadi, A., Pelalak, R., Oturan, N., & Oturan, M. A. (2020). Degradation of furosemide using photocatalytic ozonation in the presence of ZnO/ICLT nanocomposite particles: Experimental, modeling, optimization and mechanism evaluation. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 319, 114193.

Kurukutla, A. B., Kumar, P. S. S., Anandan, S., & Sivasankar, T. (2015). Sonochemical degradation of rhodamine B using oxidants, hydrogen peroxide/peroxydisulfate/peroxymonosulfate, with Fe2+ ion: Proposed pathway and kinetics. Environmental Engineering Science, 32(2), 129–140.

Mohsin, M. K., & Mohammed, A. A. (2021). Catalytic Ozonation for Removal of Antibiotic Oxy-Tetracycline using Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles. Applied Water Science, 11(1).

Moussavi, G., Khavanin, A., & Alizadeh, R. (2009). The investigation of catalytic ozonation and integrated catalytic ozonation/biological processes for the removal of phenol from saline wastewaters. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 171(1–3), 175–181.

Nasseh, N., Arghavan, F. S., Rodriguez-Couto, S., Hossein Panahi, A., Esmati, M., & A-Musawi, T. J. (2020). Preparation of activated carbon@ZnO composite and its application as a novel catalyst in catalytic ozonation process for metronidazole degradation. Advanced Powder Technology, 31(2), 875–885.

Natarajan, T. S., Thomas, M., Natarajan, K., Bajaj, H. C., & Tayade, R. J. (2011). Study on UV-LED/TiO2 process for degradation of Rhodamine B dye. Chemical Engineering Journal, 169(1–3), 126–134.

Saigl, Z. M. (2021). Various Adsorbents for Removal of Rhodamine B Dye: A Review. Indonesian Journal of Chemistry, 21(4), 1039–1056.

Slamet, A., Yulikasari, A., Nurhayati, E., & Cornelio, F. X. (2021). Pengaruh Cahaya Ambient Terhadap Efektivitas Penyisihan Rhodamine B Menggunakan Material Komposit Spent Bleaching Earth-ZnO. Jurnal Purifikasi, 20(2), 58–63.

Sundararajan, M., Sailaja, V., John Kennedy, L., & Judith Vijaya, J. (2017). Photocatalytic degradation of rhodamine B under visible light using nanostructured zinc doped cobalt ferrite: Kinetics and mechanism. Ceramics International, 43(1), 540–548.

Vargas, A. M. M., Cazetta, A. L., Kunita, M. H., Silva, T. L., & Almeida, V. C. (2011). Adsorption of methylene blue on activated carbon produced from flamboyant pods (Delonix regia): Study of adsorption isotherms and kinetic models. Chemical Engineering Journal, 168(2), 722–730.

Wambu, E. W., Muthakia, G. K., Wa-Thiong’o, J. K., & Shiundu, P. M. (2011). Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Aqueous Cu(Ii) Adsorption on Heat Regenerated Spent Bleaching Earth. Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop, 25(2), 181–190.

Yulikasari, A., Nurhayati, E., Utama, W., & Warmadewanthi, I. (2022). Characterization of Spent Bleaching Earth as an Adsorbent Material for Dye Removal. Journal of Ecological Engineering, 23(4), 96–104.

Zahraei, M. S. N., Fazaeli, R., Aliyan, H., & Richeson, D. (2023). Photocatalytic degradation abilities of binary core-shell SiO2@mZrO2/TiO2 nanocomposites: Characterization, kinetic and thermodynamic study of metoclopramide (MCP) eradication for water purification. Materials Research Bulletin, 157(September 2022), 112029.