Water supply network with zonation system in Golo Wua dan Golo Watu Village, Manggarai District

Main Article Content

Teguh Taruna Utama

Abstract

Drinking water sources in Manggarai Regency are mostly supplied from springs. Golo Wua and Golo Watu are two villages in Manggarai Regency that utilize springs. About 12.06 liters/second of drinking water is needed by residents in those villages. This study addresses to forecast the demand of drinking water. This study found that pressure values in manual calculations range from 1.85 meters to 84.22 meters. The minimum pressure requirements from BPP-SPAM is 7 meters (0.7 bar). While the simulation results using the EPANET program, the pressure value is at 1.90 meters up to 84.22 meters. Therefore, the pipe diameter selection is appropriate and the pressure meets the requirements of the BPP-SPAM. The difference between pressure values less than 5% indicates that the selection is the right pipe diameter. Choosing the right pipe diameter will optimize the distribution network in the villages of Golo Wua and Golo Watu. The selected pipe is high density polyethylene type. Selected pipe diameter 1½"; 2"; 2½”; 3"; 4 and 5". The pipe has a pressure resistance of up to 125 meters.

Article Details

Section
Articles

References

Berthouex, Paul Mac, and Linfield C. Brown. 2002. Statistics for Environmental Engineers Second Edition. 2nd ed. Florida: Lewis Publisher.

Desai, Yesha, and Hina Pathan. 2018. “Hydraulic Parameter Analysis of WDN- A Case Study of Sayajipura Village.” International Journal of Science Technology & Engineering 4(10):8.

Hadimuljono, Basuki, Sri Martini, and Widodo Ekatjahyana. 2016. Peraturan Menteri Pekerjaan Umum Dan Perumahan Rakyat No. 27/PRT/M/2016 tentang Penyelengaraan Sistem Penyediaan Air Minum.

Jumanalmath, Shivaprasad G., and Anand V. Shivapur. 2017. “Analysis of 24×7 Water Distribution Network of Gabbur Zone in Hubballi City, Karnataka State, India Using EPANET Software.” International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology 04(02):8.

Karnadi, Rachmat. 2010. Pedoman Pengenalan SPAM. 2nd ed. Jakarta: Badan Pendukung Pengembangan Sistem Penyediaan Air Minum.

Lin, Shundar, and C. C. Lee. 2007. Water and Wastewater Calculations Manual. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Lungariya, Payal, Namrata Katharotiya, Darshan Mehta, and Sahita Waikhom. 2016. “Analysis of Continuous Water Distribution in Surat City Using EPANET: A Case Study.” Global Research and Development Journal for Engineering (001):7.

Makawimbang, Anastasya Feby, Lambertus Tanudjaja, and Eveline M. Wuisan. 2017. “PERENCANAAN SISTEM PENYEDIAAN AIR BERSIH DI DESA SOYOWAN KECAMATAN RATATOTOK KABUPATEN MINAHASA TENGGARA.” 05(01):10.

Mays, Larry W. 2000. Water Distribution System Handbook. 1st ed. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Nallanathel, Manoj, B. Ramesh, and A. P. Santhosh. 2018. “Water Distribution Network Design Using EPANET A Case Study.” International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics 119(17):8.

SUEZ, Degremont. 2007. Water Treatment Handbook - Ondeo Degremont II. Vol. 2. 7th ed. Paris: Lavoisier.

Suhono, Andreas. 2016. Pedoman Umum Program PAMSIMAS. 1st ed. Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Cipta Karya Kementerian PUPR.

Tim Konsultan Barn Cita Laksana. 2016. Rencana Induk Sistem Penyediaan Air Minum Kabupaten Manggarai. Jakarta: PT. Barn Cita Laksana.

United Nations. 2019. “Goal 6: Ensure Access to Water and Sanitation for All.” Sustainable Development Goals. Retrieved (https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/water-and-sanitation/).

Utama, Teguh Taruna, Rahmad Junaidi, Dyah Rr Nugraheni Setyowati, and Moh. Rizki Haqiqi As’at. 2018. Detailed Engineering Desain Sistem Penyediaan Air Minum Mata Air Wae Decer. Kupang: CV. Konindo.

Zamimiluny, Akhmad. 2020. Kabupaten Manggarai dalam Angka 2020 Penyediaan Data untuk Perencanaan Pembangunan. Manggarai: Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Manggarai.