Women and wastes: Study on participation of housewives on plastic waste management in Kecandran, Salatiga, Indonesia

Main Article Content

Kevin Eric Andrawina Ahmad Zulfikri Tio Roberth Ryan Maranatha Widhi Handayani

Abstract

Plastic waste becomes a global environmental problem that is still difficult to overcome by countries over the world, including Indonesia. In fact, Indonesia is the second largest contributor of plastic waste in the world. This problem is even not only encountered by the countries, but also faced by a small town such as Salatiga, Central Java. To overcome the problem, the society should actively be the pioneer since they are the main producer of plastic waste. However, our previous research showed that the households performed limited efforts to manage the waste, and unexpectedly, any activity of waste collection was preferably motivated by financial reasons. Therefore, this study sheds light on the housewives’ perception on plastic and their awareness in managing waste, especially plastic waste. The data of this quantitative study were gathered by means of interview, survey, observation, and documentation from 96 housewives in 6 RW in Kecandran, Sidomukti Sub-District, Salatiga as the participants. The results showed that approximately 60% of the housewives in Kecandran village, Sidomukti sub-district were able to differentiate which waste belonged to non-biodegradable and biodegradable as well as to understand the negative impact of plastic waste toward the environment. They also participated in managing the plastic waste by sorting them (64.58%), participating in waste banks or Bank Sampah (53.13%), and reducing the plastic waste (64.58%). In addition, 85.42% of them were willing to support the government policy in reducing the use of plastic, and 40% of them participated in the payable plastic policy. The role of Bank Sampah is really important to equip the housewives with environmental knowledge. In terms of the payable plastic policy, however, their understanding is not necessarily followed by the willingness to act, which might be related to different orientations and motives.

Article Details

Section
Articles

References

Alamsyah, Dedi., Muliawati, R. (2013) Pilar Dasar Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat. Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika.

Aryenti. (2011) Peningkatan Peranserta Masyarakat Melalui Gerakan Menabung pada Bank Sampah di Kelurahan Babakan Surabaya, Kiaracondong, Bandung. Jurnal Permukiman, 6(1), 40–46.

Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS). (2017) Kecamatan Sidomukti Dalam Angka 2017. Retrieved from https://salatigakota.bps.go.id/publication/2017/09/20/5a52fcccceb9211e1494994e/kecamatan-sidomukti-dalam-angka-2017.html

Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS). (2018) Salatiga Municipality in Figures 2017. BPS Kota Salatiga. Salatiga.

Budiana, M.N., & Maryono (2017) Inisiatif standarisasi waktu pengumpulan sampah di kota Salatiga. Jurnal Pembangunan Wilayah & Kota 13(3), 353-367.

Budiono. (2017) Pemanfaatan Limbah Botol Plastik Menjadi Prakarya Boneka Pinguin Sebagai Bentuk Implementasi Dari Pendidikan Lingkungan Hidup. Jurnal PINUS, 2(2), 113–118.

Chan, R. Y. K., & Lau, L. B. Y. (2000) Antecedents of green purchases: A survey in China. Journal of Consumer Marketing, 17(4), 338–357. https://doi.org/10.1108/07363760010335358

de Groot, J.I.M, & Steg, L. (2010) Relationships between value orientation, self determined motivational types and pro-environmental behavioural intentions. Journal of Environmental Psychology 30, 368-378.

Gagnon Thompson, S. C., & Barton, M. A. (1994) Ecocentric and anthropocentric attitudes toward the environment. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 14(2), 149–157. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0272-4944(05)80168-9

Halkos, G., & Matsiori, S. (2017) Environmental attitude, motivations, and values for marine biodiversity. Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics 69, 61-70. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socec.2017.05.009

Ham, M., Mrčela, D., & Horvat, M. (2016) Insights for Measuring Environmental Awareness. Ekonomski Vjesnik, 29(1), 159–176.

Hendiarti, N. (2018) Combating Marine Plastic Debris in Indonesia. Dipresentasikan pada Science to Enable and Empower Asia Pacific for SDGs (Jakarta, 30 Juli 2018).

Jambeck. J.R., R. Geyer, C. Wilcox, T.R. Siegler, M. P., & A. Andrady, R. Narayan, K. L. L. (2015) Plastic Waste Inputs From Land Into The Ocean. Science 347(6223): 768-771. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1260352

Jumar, Fitriyah, N., & Kalalinggi, R. (2014) Strategi Pengelolaan Sampah Rumah Tangga di Kelurahan Lok Bahu Kecamatan Sungai Kunjang Kota Samarinda. EJournal Administrative Reform, 2(1), 771–782.

Maulida, Siagian, M., Tarigan, P. (2016) Production of starch based bioplastic from cassava peel reinforced with Microcrystalline Cellulose Avicel PH101 using sorbitol as plasticizer. Journal of Physics Conference Series 710 (012012), 1-7.

Maya, S., Haryono, S., & Kholisya, U. (2018) Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Melalui Pengelolaan Sampah Menjadi Nilai Ekonomis dan Pembentukan Bank Sampah di Kelurahan Tanjung Barat. Proceeding of Community Development, 1(2017), 157. https://doi.org/10.30874/comdev.2017.21

Purba, H. D., Meidiana, C., & Adrianto, D. W. (2014) Waste Management Scenario through Community Based Waste Bank: A Case Study of Kepanjen District, Malang Regency, Indonesia. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, 5(2), 212–216. https://doi.org/10.7763/ijesd.2014.v5.480

Putra, H. P., & Yuriandala, Y. (2010) Studi Pemanfaatan Sampah Plastik Menjadi Produk dan Jasa Kreatif. Jurnal Sains &Teknologi Lingkungan, 2(1), 21–31. https://doi.org/10.20885/jstl.vol2.iss1.art3

Riswan, R., Sunoko, H. R., & Hadiyarto, A. (2012) Pengelolaan Sampah Rumah Tangga di Kecamatan Daha Selatan. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan, 9(1), 31. https://doi.org/10.14710/jil.9.1.31-38

Septiani, B. A., Arianie, D. M., Risman, V. F. A. A., Handayani, W., & Kawuryan, I. S. S. (2019) Pengelolaan Sampah Plastik di Salatiga : Praktik dan tantangan. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan, 17(1), 90. https://doi.org/10.14710/jil.17.1.90-99

Setyowati, R., & Mulasari, S. A. (2013) Pengetahuan dan Perilaku Ibu Rumah Tangga dalam Pengelolaan Sampah Plastik. Kesmas: National Public Health Journal, 7(12), 562–566. https://doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v7i12.331

Singhirunnusorn, W., Donlakorn, K., & Kaewhanin, W. (2017) Household Recycling Behaviours and Attitudes toward Waste Bank Project: Mahasarakham Municipality. Journal of ASIAN Behavioural Studies, 2(5), 17. https://doi.org/10.21834/jabs.v2i5.215

Stone, G., Barnes, J.H., Montgomery, C. (1995) ECOSCALE: A scale for the measurement of environmentally responsible consumer. Psychology & Marketing 12(7), 595-612.

Tallei, T. E., Iskandar, J., Runtuwene, S., & Filho, W. L. (2013) Local Community-based Initiatives of Waste Management Activities on Bunaken Island in North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, 5(12), 737–743. https://doi.org/10.19026/rjees.5.5730

Thompson, R.C., Moore, C.J., vom Saal, F.S., Swan, S.H. (2009) Plastics, the environment and human health: current consensus and future trends. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 364, 2153-2366. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2009.0053

Wardi, I. N. (2011) Pengelolaan Sampah Berbasis Sosial Budaya : Upaya Mengatasi Masalah Lingkungan di Bali. Jurnal Bumi Lestari, 11 No 1, 167–177.

Warsito, B., Suparti, S., Raharjo, M., Santoso, R., Yasin, H., & Sumiyati, S. (2018) Pelatihan Pemanfaatan Sampah Plastik Berpotensi Ekonomis bagi Nasabah Bank Sampah Sempulur Asri. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Unimus, 1, 368–373.